All too often, prevention programs are implemented and continued because program managers and staff adamantly believe the programs are producing the desired results, yet they have no adequate proof of effectiveness. It is imperative that proper and consistent evaluation be conducted to measure changes in the community. Ineffective programs that continue to be implemented drain sparse resources that would be better spent on effective programs. It’s not enough to have a program and believe that you are making a difference. We must be able to demonstrate that behaviors are changing and injury rates are decreasing. The IPC is committed to conducting formative, process and impact evaluation for all prevention programs to assess if programs are appropriate for the intended audience and determine if the programs are creating the preferred effect. Specific examples of IPC project evaluations can be found in the Programs section of this website.

Cohen L, Swift S. The Spectrum of Prevention: Developing a Comprehensive Approach to Injury Prevention. Injury Prevention, 1999; 4:203-207.

Fowler CJ.Injury Prevention. In Trauma Nursing: From Resuscitation Through Rehabilitation, 4th Ed. McQuillan KA, Makic MBF, Whalen E (editors). 2009.

Demonstrating Your Program’s Worth is a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention book that shows program managers how to demonstrate the value of their work to the public, to their peers, to funding agencies, and to the people they serve. The purpose of the book is to show that managers and staff need not be apprehensive about what evaluation will cost or what it will show. The book shows how to conduct simple evaluation, how to hire and supervise consultants for complex evaluation, and how to incorporate evaluation activities into the activities of the injury prevention program itself. 

This book by Tom Christoffel and Susan Scavo Gallagher presents the complex nature of injuries and violence, but also provides the information in a highly comprehensive manner. The book also includes a chapter on “Real World Evaluation Techniques.” The book is available for purchase from several booksellers including Amazon

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